MANUFACTURERS AND EXPORTERS OF COCO PEAT
1. The production process for brown coir is a 2 - step process unlike the white fiber. This is because brown husks are dry and very hard to break.
2. First the brown husks are fed into the auto feeder. The 1st decorticator breaks the brown husks into small pieces as shown in the picture to the left.
3. This is then stacked on cement concreted floors and is heavily watered. This is left undisturbed for 7 to 10 days. The amount of watering done and the period for which it is left undisturbed determines quality
4. After 10 days , this crude fiber is fed into all the 4 decorticators to produce the brown Coir fiber.
The Outermost covering of the coconut is called the coconut HUSK . Coir fiber is extracted from the coconut Husk . Coco peat is the by-product obtained during extraction of fiber from Husk. Coir fiber is used for making mats, ropes , Geo-textiles etc. Coir is broadly classified into 2 types.
1. White coir fiber -- Coir extracted from Fresh Green coconut husks. Used for making 2-ply yarn , Ropes etc.
2. Brown coir fiber -- Coir extracted from matured Brown coconut husks. Used for making beds .
1. The Fresh green Husks are Watered . Amount of water that is sprayed on Husk is one of the criteria for fiber quality.
2. Husk is passed through all the 4 decorticators.
3. All decorticators are equipped with FRESH new Knives so that the Final pure fiber contains less impurities.
4. The final white fiber that comes out is sun dried on cement concreted floors.
5. Once the fiber is dry fiber is compressed into 30 KG bales. The 30 kg bales are then compressed into 120 KG bales and then loaded into containers.
1. Coir fiber is sold in Various grades based on application and also how much the client is willing to pay for.
2. First grade fibers either brown or white has only Long length fibers in the range of 10 to 20 cms. Has very less impurities
3. Lower grade fibers are produced by mixing long length fibers with little amount of Short length fibers also called BABY fibers as explained above. Has more impurities than the 1st Grade.
4. picture to the left shows first grade White fiber. and 2nd Grade brown fiber with more impurities.
1. Coir is generally exported in the form of 120 KG bales. which is compressed.
2. 180 to 185 bales can be loaded into a 40 foot High Cube container.
3. Approx loadability is around 21.5 to 22 Metric tonnes.
1. Husks are fed into the production process through an Auto feeder.
2. The first decorticator breaks the husk into small pieces.
3. Fiber is passed through three more decorticators.
4. The final output is passed through a 12 mm Siever (16 feet in length) . This removes the coir pith from Fiber .
5. During all stages of decortication , Coir pith is produced . This pith is sieved through another 12 mm Siever(16 feet in length). This removes the Short length fibers from coir pith . These short length fibers are called BABY fibers.
6. The final picture shows the various blades used in the 4 decorticators.